Axum is located in the highlands of Northern Ethiopia, believed to be founded in the 2ndb century BC was once the capital city of one of the world’s four superpowers and symbolizes the wealth and importance of the civilization of the ancient Axumite kingdom which lasted from the 1st to the 7th century AD. The ruins of the ancient Axumite civilization covered a wide area in the Tigray plateau with the most impressive monuments, monolithic obelisks, royal tombs and palace ruins dating to the 6th and 7th century AD. Axum’s glorious civilization is best symbolized today by its many monolithic obelisks. The largest though fallen and broken, is more than 33metres in height and 500tons in weight and its four sides are richly decorated and each represents a façade of a twelve-story building. The second largest stelae was physically removed by the Italians during their unsuccessful attempt to colonize Ethiopia.
The introductions of Christianity in the 4th century resulted in the building of Christian churches such as Saint Mary of Zion which is believed to hold the Ark of the covenant of God. A series of inscriptions on stone tablets have proved to be of immense importance to historians of the ancient world. Some of them include trilingual text in Greek, Sabaean and Geez were inscribed by king Ezana.
Queen of Sheba was one of the famous Axumite rulers whose capital and residence was the town of Axum. Today in the remains of Queen palace, one can simply see the bathing rooms, a throne room and a large kitchen of bricks oven. The New Testament states that the Abyssinian Queen from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdoms of King Solomon. The queen is known in her home country conceived from King Solomon and as a result, bore him a son, Menelik, king of Abyssinia. Legend has it that Menelik, the founder of Solomonic Dynasty travelled to Jerusalem to visit his father. Upon his return, he secretly brought the original Ark of Convent to Axum and its final resting place in Axum on the will of God. The Mai Shum, Queens Sheba pleasure bath, queen’s ruins palace, King Kaleb’s tomb, and many other legacies of the age-old history, culture, and religion makes Axum a tourist paradise.